It’s common knowledge among gardeners that bees are responsible for flower pollination. However, in order to get the most out of any garden, it is ideal to attract and feed a range of pollinating species. This will help you get the most out of your garden. This will guarantee that there is a larger probability of pollinating ornamental flowers as well as blooms that will later produce fruits and vegetables for consumption.
So, how exactly does pollination take place? Several species of pollinators, including adult butterflies and moths, subsist on nectar and other sweet liquids, such as the nectar found in flowers and tree sap. While they are preoccupied with consuming nectar, pollen is accumulating on their legs and other parts of their bodies. This pollen is then carried to the next flower that they visit, which results in the fertilization of that bloom.
Some of the following insects are specialists, meaning that they only visit particular kinds of flowers, while others are generalists and will go to many different kinds of flowers. You’ll find both types of insects listed below. Both are essential components of a balanced ecosystem, of which a garden is a miniature version that may be thought of as a microcosm. Among the many species that may pollinate plants in a garden include, but are not limited to, the following:
Butterflies and Moths
Zinnias, coneflowers, and vividly colored daisies are some of the best flowers to plant in your yard if you want to attract butterflies. Butterflies land more easily on flowers with wide petals, a faint smell, and bright colors.
Moths are sometimes dismissed as little more than the unattractive relatives of butterflies; nonetheless, they do play a crucial part in the process of pollination. Although adult moths disperse pollen in a manner similar to that of butterflies, they conduct the majority of their work after the sun goes down, and as a result, they pollinate flowers that bloom at night. Planting night-blooming lilies and other flowers, such as moonflowers, evening primrose, and Casablanca lilies, in your yard may entice moths to visit.
Lacewings are another another kind of nocturnal pollinator that are often undervalued. In addition to pollinating flowers, the adults consume insects that are considered to be “pests” or insects that cause damage, such as aphids and mites. The juvenile stages of the insects feed on aphids, whitefly larvae, caterpillar eggs, and mealybugs. The use of lacewings in gardens as a method of natural pest management has led some gardeners to buy the insects online and then release them on their plots.
Hummingbirds like flowers with a long, tubular form to feed on and are drawn to the color combinations of pink, red, and orange. Because of this, growing honeysuckle or trumpet vine next to a garden is an effective way to bring in these wonderful critters. Hummingbirds have a unique ability to transport pollen from one bloom to another using their long beaks, which they use while they are sipping tasty nectar.
Bees will pollinate flowers of almost any size or form, but they are most attracted to those that have a powerful and delicious aroma. If you want to attract bees to your garden so that they may pollinate the fruits and vegetables there, planting fragrant flowers like lavender and monarda (also known as bee balm or bergamot) is a good idea.
The fact that bees do not truly subsist on nectar is an intriguing fact about this kind of pollinator. They take in the nectar, wait for it to be processed by the enzymes in their stomachs, and then vomit up the honey as a result. After a while, they consume the honey. Although bees may sometimes consume pollen, more often than not, they just move it to another bloom to be used.
People have a negative perception of flies because of their nuisance nature; but, in a garden, their ability to pollinate plants is second only to that of bees. Flies, in contrast to butterflies and hummingbirds, are not typically finicky about the form or color of the flowers they feed on. They are able to pollinate almost any kind of flower, regardless of whether the blossom is brightly colored or pure white.
Therefore, you should also grow some flowers in your vegetable garden. You may take pleasure in their lovely hues and aromas while also being certain that you are enhancing the harvest from your garden.